Process and Outcome of Fecal Microbiota Transplants in Patients With Recurrent : A Prospective StudyClostridium difficile: A Prospective Study Infection: A Prospective Study

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Abstract

The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection is on the rise worldwide, causing high mortality rates and costing patients, hospitals, and insurance companies millions of dollars annually. Fecal microbiota transplants successfully treat recurrent C. difficile infections unresponsive to standard pharmacologic treatment such as flagyl, vancomycin, or rifaximin. Evidence in the literature provided the foundation for the development and refinement of this fecal microbiota transplant protocol. During the initial phase of the project, the protocol included patient selection criteria, donor screening/selection, infection control, fecal processing and delivery, and patient pre and postprocedure education. This article highlights the second phase of prospective testing of a nurse-driven protocol to implement fecal microbiota transplantation in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection. All stages of the protocol are explained as well as rationale for component parts to achieve successful patient outcomes when the protocol is carefully followed.

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