Health-related Quality of Life in Adolescent Patients With Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Treated With Sofosbuvir and Ledipasvir

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Abstract

Objective:

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of treatment with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of pediatric patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

Methods:

Adolescents (12–17 years) with HCV were treated with LDV/SOF (90/400 mg daily) for 12 weeks. HRQL was assessed using the PedsQLv4.0-SF15 completed by the children and caregivers before, during, and after treatment.

Results:

We included 100 adolescents with HCV genotype 1 infection (14.7 ± 2.0 years, 1% known cirrhosis, 80% treatment-naïve, 97% sustained virologic response-12). At baseline, HRQL the caregiver- perceived HRQL scores were lower than adolescents’ self-reported scores (by 6.7–7.9 points, all P < 0.01). At the end of 12 weeks of treatment, however, the caregiver-reported HRQL scores showed a significant improvement (+all P < 0.04), whereas the adolescents’ self-reported scores did not change from the baseline. HRQL scores reported by caregivers remained higher than baseline (by +4.7–+7.5, P < 0.01) through 12 weeks after treatment, as did the adolescents’ self-reported Emotional Functioning scores (+4.3 from baseline, P = 0.0009); observed improvements were sustained after 24 weeks of follow-up (all P < 0.04). Multivariate analysis showed that, after adjustment for location, age, and sex, having a history of anxiety and panic disorders were consistent predictors of impaired HRQL in adolescents with HCV infection (P < 0.05).

Conclusions:

Treatment of HCV in adolescents with LDV/SOF is associated with some improvement in HRQL. Caregivers’ reports of HRQL in adolescents with HCV significantly increased with treatment and were similar to the adolescent self-reported HRQL after sustained virologic response-12.

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