Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in pediatrics is a devastating event associated with poor survival rates. Although telephone dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; T-CPR) instructions improve the frequency and quality of bystander CPR for OHCA in adults, this support remains undeveloped in children. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a pediatric T-CPR protocol in untrained and trained bystanders. Secondarily, we sought to determine the feasibility and the effectiveness of ventilation in such a protocol.Methods
Eligible adults with no CPR experience were recruited in a movie theater in Liege, as well as bachelor nursing students in Liege. All volunteers were randomly assigned either to T-CPR or to no–T-CPR using randomization. The volunteers were exposed to a pediatric manikin model cardiac arrest. On the basis of Cardiff evaluation test, data were collected to evaluate CPR performance.Results
A total of 115 volunteers were assigned to 4 groups: untrained nonguided group (n = 27), untrained guided group (n = 32), trained nonguided group (n = 26), and trained guided group (n = 30). We found an improvement in CPR performance in the guided groups. Most volunteers (81.2%) in untrained guided group and 83.3% in the trained guided group were able to give 2 ventilations after each compressions cycle.Conclusions
In a pediatric manikin model of OHCA, T-CPR instructions including mouth-to-mouth ventilations and chest compressions produced a significant increase in resuscitation performance not only among previously untrained but also among trained volunteers.