Reversine induces autophagic cell death through the AMP-activated protein kinase pathway in urothelial carcinoma cells
Urothelial carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies of the urinary tract. Effective treatment of advanced urothelial carcinoma remains a clinical challenge with poor outcomes in these patients. Previous reports have shown that the expression of aurora kinase is associated with clinical stage and prognosis; hence, aurora kinases are potential targets in urothelial carcinoma therapy. Reversine, an aurora kinase inhibitor, was analyzed for its cytotoxicity in this study. Cell proliferation, flow cytometry, western blotting, and immunofluorescent assay were used to determine the effect of reversine on urothelial carcinoma cells. The results showed that reversine significantly inhibits the growth of urothelial carcinoma cell lines. Reversine induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase, leading to autophagic cell death by activating the AMP-activated protein kinase pathway. Reversine induced significant cell death in urothelial carcinoma cells. Our results suggest that reversine may be a suitably small molecule for treating urothelial carcinoma in the future.