A case report of tongue metastasis from lung squamous cell carcinoma and literature review
Tongue metastasis from lung cancer is extremely rare, and the prognosis of these patients is rather poor.Patient concers:
A 56-year-old man was found a 4-cm cavity lesion in the left upper lobe, which was initially misdiagnosed as tuberculosis.Diagnoses:
A case of lung squamous cell carcinoma that metastasized to the base of a patient's tongue.Intervations:
We send the biopsy of the lung and the tongue lesions for gene sequencing.Outcomes:
He received systemic chemotherapy, but continued to have pain at the base of his tongue and died 7 months later.Lessons:
From sequencing data, mutations in KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase (KRAS), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA), and tumor protein p53 (TP53) were found in the tumor biopsy of the patient. All of these were indicators of poor prognosis.