Psychiatric adverse events during treatment with brodalumab: Analysis of psoriasis clinical trials

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Abstract

Background:

Individuals with psoriasis are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidities, including suicidal ideation and behavior (SIB).

Objective:

To distinguish between the underlying risk and potential for treatment-induced psychiatric adverse events in patients with psoriasis being treated with brodalumab, a fully human anti–interleukin 17 receptor A monoclonal antibody.

Methods:

Data were evaluated from a placebo-controlled, phase 2 clinical trial; the open-label, long-term extension of the phase 2 clinical trial; and three phase 3, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials (AMAGINE-1, AMAGINE-2, and AMAGINE-3) and their open-label, long-term extensions of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.

Results:

The analysis included 4464 patients with 9161.8 patient-years of brodalumab exposure. The follow-up time–adjusted incidence rates of SIB events were comparable between the brodalumab and ustekinumab groups throughout the 52-week controlled phases (0.20 vs 0.60 per 100 patient-years). In the brodalumab group, 4 completed suicides were reported, 1 of which was later adjudicated as indeterminate; all patients had underlying psychiatric disorders or stressors.

Limitations:

There was no comparator arm past week 52. Controlled study periods were not powered to detect differences in rare events such as suicide.

Conclusions:

Comparison with controls and the timing of events do not indicate a causal relationship between SIB and brodalumab treatment.

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