Effects of lentivirus-mediated ornithine decarboxylase gene on the proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes in rats with arthritis

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Abstract

Objective:

This study aimed to explore the effects of lentivirus-mediated ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) gene on the proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) in rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods:

Twenty Lewis rats were randomized into control group (ten rats without processing) and RA group (ten rats of adjuvant-induced arthritis). The third-generation FLSs were randomized into test, control and blank groups. MTT assay and flow cytometry were employed to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and interleukin-2 (IL-2).

Results:

Lewis rats in the RA group became ill from 11 days on and got seriously ill 18 days after modeling. However, rats in the control group had no obvious change. MTT assay showed that the test group had higher cell proliferation than the blank and control groups (P1 < 0.001; P2 < 0.001). Flow cytometry revealed that the apoptosis of FLSs in the test group was significantly lower than that in the blank and control groups (P1 < 0.001; P2 < 0.001). ELISA showed that the test group had higher TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-2 level than the control and blank groups (all P < 0.001), but no significant difference was found between the control and blank groups (all P > 0.05).

Conclusion:

The results indicated that overexpression of ODC gene promotes the proliferation while suppressing apoptosis of FLSs in rats with RA.

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