MRGPRX2 is essential for sinomenine hydrochloride induced anaphylactoid reactions
Mast cells are unique immunocytes that function as sentinel cells in host defense reactions such as immediate hypersensitivity responses and anaphylactic responses. The mast cell specific receptor MRGPRX2 (Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor X2) triggers mast cell degranulation—a key process in anaphylactic reactions. We sought to better understand anaphylactic reaction induced by sinomenine hydrochloride (SH). MRGPRX2-related pseudo-allergic reactions induced by SH were investigated using the hindpaw swelling and extravasation assay in vivo and mast cell degranulation assays in vitro. MrgprB2 knockout mice exhibit a reduced SH-induced inflammation effect. Furthermore, MRGPRX2 (the orthologous gene of MrgprB2) related human mast cells are activated by SH in a dose-dependent manner; however, MRGPRX2 knockdown mast cells showed reduced degranulation. The results showed a kind of mechanism that SH-induced anaphylactoid reactions were mediated by MRGPRX2 via activating PLC molecular signaling pathways to provoke mast cells Ca2+ mobilization and degranulation.