A Preliminary Study of the Effects of a Multitheory-Driven Intervention in Adults With Prediabetes Mellitus

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background:

Prediabetes mellitus (pre-DM) is an important predictive indicator of Type 2 diabetes. A person with pre-DM is eight times more likely to develop diabetes than a person without pre-DM. Prior research suggests that proactive interventions may delay the progression of this disease and reduce the rate of disease development.

Purpose:

The purposes of this preliminary study were to develop a multitheory-driven lifestyle intervention protocol for adults with pre-DM and to evaluate its feasibility and impacts on knowledge regarding pre-DM, dietary behaviors, and physical activity (primary outcomes) as well as to describe the disease progression indicators (secondary outcomes).

Methods:

A single-group, longitudinal study design was used. Thirty-nine participants were included in the analysis. A generalized estimating equation model was used to determine the trends in changes in the outcomes. All of the participants underwent testing at baseline (T0) and at 3 (T1), 6 (T2), and 12 (T3) months after the 4-week lifestyle intervention.

Results:

There were significantly increasing trends for each study parameter (Pre-DM Knowledge Assessment Form-12, p < .01; Dietary Behavior Scale, p < .01) and significantly positive changes in body weight (p < .01), body mass index (p < .01), fasting glucose level (p < .01), and glycated hemoglobin level (p < .01) over the 12-month study period.

Conclusions/Implications for Practice:

This study supports the feasibility of the developed multitheory-driven lifestyle intervention protocol and suggests that its application may improve the effectiveness of diabetes prevention programs in clinical settings. Further randomized controlled trials are needed.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles