To describe the case of a born HIV seropositive woman who developed outer retinal alterations secondary to vascular abnormalities in the perimacular region and in the periphery of both eyes.Methods:
A 21-year-old woman born HIV seropositive was referred for a routinary visit. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes, and during the visit, only mild superotemporal metamorphopsia in the left eye was reported. Multimodal imaging disclosed findings consistent with acute macular neuroretinopathy such as reddish-brown lesions at fundus examination and disruption of ellipsoid zone at spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Peripheral vascular alterations were also noted at fluorescein angiography.Conclusion:
Several associations or risk factors have been identified in patients with acute macular neuroretinopathy, including oral contraceptives, epinephrine/ephedrine, or systemic shock. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case describing peripheral vascular alterations and acute macular neuroretinopathy in association with HIV seropositivity at birth.