Rescue therapeutic strategy combining ultra-protective mechanical ventilation with extracorporeal CO: A case report2: A case report removal membrane in near-fatal asthma with severe pulmonary barotraumas: A case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Mechanical ventilation of severe acute asthma is still considered a challenging issue, mainly because of the gas trapping phenomenon with the potential for life-threatening barotraumatic pulmonary complications.

Patient concerns:

Herein, we describe 2 consecutive cases of near-fatal asthma for whom the recommended protective mechanical ventilation approach using low tidal volume of 6 mL/kg and small levels of PEEP was rapidly compromised by giant pneumomediastinum with extensive subcutaneousemphysema.

Diagnoses:

Near fatal asthma.

Intervention:

A rescue therapeutic strategy combining extracorporeal CO2 removal membrane with ultra-protective extremely low tidal volume (3 mL/kg) ventilation was applied.

Outcomes:

Both patients survived hospital discharge.

Lessons:

These 2 cases indicate that ECCO2R associated with ultra-protective ventilation could be an alternative to surgery in case of life-threatening barotrauma occurring under mechanical ventilation.

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