Effect of cerebral oxygen saturation on postoperative nausea and vomiting in female laparoscopic surgery patients
The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of cerebral oxygen saturation (SCTO2) on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in female patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery.Methods:
This study included 90 female patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery (60 cases of gynecological operations and 30 cases of gallbladder operations). All patients were allocated into 3 groups of 30 patients each: group A (gynecological laparoscopic surgery), group B (gynecological laparoscopic surgery with mannitol treatment) and group C (laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery). Perioperative SCTO2, mean blood flow velocity of vertebral artery (VM), vascular resistance index of vertebral artery (RI), and PONV (within 48 hours after surgery) were investigated.Results:
No differences in age, body weight, operation time, and hemoglobin levels were observed among the patients (P > .05). The SCTO2 values for groups B and C were lower than those for group A in both brain hemispheres at T4 and T5 (P < .05). The VM was higher in group B than in groups A and C at T3 (P < .05), but differences in VM were not observed between groups B and C at T4 or T5. However, the VM of group A was still lower than the other groups (P < .05), and no difference in VM was observed among the 3 groups at T6 (P > .05). The RI was higher in group C than in groups A and B at T4 (P < .05). The incidence of PONV within 48 hours after surgery was significantly higher in group A than in the other 2 groups (P < .05).Conclusion:
Strategies that maintain normal SCTO2 may reduce the incidence of PONV in female patients who underwent laparoscopy surgery by reducing perioperative intracranial pressure.