Imaging findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor from the greater omentum: One case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are rare neoplastic lesions with benign tendency. Even more rare are IMTs from the greater omentum (GO-IMT). A GO-IMT is easily misdiagnosed as other malignant tumors before operation; thus, clinicians need to be familiar with its imaging findings. Here, we report the imaging findings of a GO-IMT patient presenting with a pelvic mass.

Patient concerns:

Ultrasound of the IMT in the pelvic cavity showed a hypoechoic mass. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed a nearly circular soft tissue mass with a clear border and heterogeneous density, and the surrounding tissues were pushed and compressed. Contrast-enhanced CT showed severe persistent enhancement in the lesion edges and mural nodules, but not in the central necrosis.

Diagnoses:

Histopathology and immunohistochemistry confirmed that the mass was a GO-IMT.

Interventions:

The tumor was resected after preoperative preparation.

Outcomes:

No recurrence or metastasis was found during a short-term follow-up.

Lessons:

The GO-IMT is an inferior epigastric mass in the periphery of the bowel, and is usually well-demarcated without calcification or lymphadenopathy. Contrast-enhanced CT showed a heterogeneous hypervascular mass where the center necrosis, the edge of the tumor, and the mural nodules can be partially reinforced.

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