Bezold–Jarisch reflex occurred in a pediatric patient with giant intra-abdominal teratoma during induction of anesthesia: A case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Bezold–Jarisch reflex (BJR) occurs when the cardioinhibitory receptors in the walls of ventricles are activated by various stimuli, with typical features of bradycardia, vasorelaxation, and hypotension. This reflex usually happens in parturient intrathecal anesthesia, as a result of decreased venous return by compression of inferior vena cava, but it is only rarely reported during general anesthesia.

Patient concerns:

Severe bradycardia and hypotension, indicating BJR, occurred during the induction of general anesthesia in a 3-month-old female child with giant intra-abdominal teratoma.

Diagnoses:

A giant intra-abdominal teratoma was detected by computed tomography scanning. The decreased left ventricular ejection faction along with increased troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide indicated a preoperative mild cardiac dysfunction. BJR was diagnosed on the basis of the severe bradycardia and hypotension observed during the induction of general anesthesia,

Interventions:

Atropine failed to increase heart rate. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was initiated immediately and epinephrine was injected intravenously because of sudden circulatory collapse. Soon after the return of spontaneous circulation, a central venous line was placed and invasive blood pressure was monitored. Vital signs and homeostasis were kept stable during teratoma resection.

Outcomes:

The child was extubated after emergence from anesthesia in the operating room. Eleven days later, she had recovered without complications and was discharged.

Lessons:

General anesthesia should be induced with great care in patients with giant intra-abdominal masses, and the patient should be kept in the left-lateral table tilt position before induction.

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