Form, Function, and Esthetics in Prosthetically Rehabilitated Maxillary Defects
Patients with maxillofacial defects secondary to the removal of benign and malignant pathologies of midface have a profound impact on quality of life. The aim of this study was to collect and analyze the data pertaining to 4 designs of obturator by assessment of the patient with obturator functioning scale (OFS)Materials and Methods:
This retrospective analysis included all the patients who underwent prosthetic rehabilitation of maxillary defects using 4 different types (conventional, cast partial, hollow bulb, and magnet retained) of obturators from 2009 to 2016 with minimum 1 year of follow up. Demographics, number, size, location, type of pathology, postmorbid dentition, and the treatment rendered were recorded. Obturator functioning scale was used to subjectively assess the patient satisfaction.Results:
The mean score on OFS was 5.67 (standard deviation: 1.8). There was a fair and statistical improvement in chewing/eating, speech clarity in public/on phone, swallowing of foods and liquids, pronunciation of words, and social interaction (P < 0.05). The outcome was best in magnet retained followed by cast partial group. The least outcome was in conventional obturator group.Conclusion:
Obturators of different designs do play an important role in rehabilitation of maxillary defects with a satisfactory outcome.