Open versus endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms: What have we learned after more than 2 decades of ruptured endovascular aneurysm repair?

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Abstract

Background.

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is one of the most difficult clinical problems in surgical practice, with extraordinarily high morbidity and mortality. During the past 23 years, the literature has become replete with reports regarding ruptured endovascular aneurysm repair.

Methods.

A variety of study designs and databases have been utilized to compare ruptured endovascular aneurysm repair and open surgical repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm and studies of various designs from different databases have yielded vastly different conclusions. It therefore remains controversial whether ruptured endovascular aneurysm repair improves outcomes after ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in comparison to open surgical repair.

Results.

The purpose of this article is to review the best available evidence comparing ruptured endovascular aneurysm repair and open surgical repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, including single institution and multi-institutional retrospective observational studies, large national population-based studies, large national registries of prospectively collected data, and randomized controlled clinical trials.

Conclusion.

This article will analyze the study designs and databases utilized with their attendant strengths and weaknesses to understand the sometimes vastly different conclusions the studies have reached. This article will attempt to integrate the data to distill some of the lessons that have been learned regarding ruptured endovascular aneurysm repair and identify ongoing needs in this field.

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