Intentional Replantation Techniques: A Critical Review

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Abstract

Introduction:

Techniques and armamentarium for intentional replantation have varied throughout the years with no universally accepted clinical treatment guidelines. A wide range of success rates has been reported, and accordingly, this treatment method has often been regarded as a treatment of last resort. However, recent studies have shown more consistent success rates as high as 88% to 95%. In light of these new studies, intentional replantation may now be considered a more commonly accepted treatment modality. The purpose of this review was to critically examine reported techniques for intentional replantation.

Methods:

A search of the literature on intentional replantation techniques was performed using electronic databases including PubMed, Medline, and Scopus. A total of 3183 articles were generated and screened for relevance based on defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subsequently, 27 studies were included for critical review of technique.

Results:

There has been an evolution in technique for intentional replantation over the decades.

Conclusions:

Numerous aspects of the procedure exhibit variations, whereas other aspects exhibit considerable consistency. Few studies reported techniques consistent with modern endodontic surgical principles.

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