Nimodipine attenuates tau phosphorylation at Ser396 via miR-132/GSK-3β pathway in chronic cerebral hypoperfusion rats

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Abstract

Chronic cerebral hypofusion (CCH) promotes hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins, a key neuropathological trait that reflects neurodegenerative disorders. Nimodipine, an L-type calcium channel antagonist, has been reported to show neuroprotective effects. In this study, we investigated the potential mechanism of nimodipine in tauopathies induced by CCH. MiR-132 is downregulated in tauopathies such as AD and directly targets tau mRNA to regulate its expression. Here, we report that CCH induced miR-132 deficiency and increased tau phosphorylation at Ser396 while tau expression was not influenced. Nimodipine treatment attenuated CCH induced tau phosphorylation by up-regulating expression of miR-132. Furthermore, nimodipine inhibited activation of GSK-3β and neuronal apoptosis induced by CCH. Interestingly, GSK-3βmRNA level negatively correlated with the expression of miR-132. These findings support a role for nimodipine inhibiting tau phosphorylation at Ser396 via miR-132/GSK-3β. Therefore, nimodipine may be a candidate for the treatment of tauopathy present in CCH.

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