Prevalence of Antipsychotic-Treated Patients in a Cohort of Adult Addicted Patients

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Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe and estimate the prevalence of antipsychotics (AP) in a cohort of addicted patients, and to compare the profiles of addictive patients receiving AP or not.

Methods

We included all adult patients seen at the addiction care center of Montpellier University Hospital, between January 1, 2015, and March 31, 2015. Demographic, clinical, and therapeutic data were collected from the patients’ medical records.

Results

During the study period, 415 patients were included, with a mean age of 38 ± 10 years. They were mostly men (73.3%), French (54.9%), and unemployed (61.8%). Among the study population, 93 patients (patients treated with AP [trAP], 22.4%) were treated by 111 different AP, mainly cyamemazine (29.0% of treated patients), aripiprazole (20.4%), olanzapine (17.2%), and quetiapine (16.1%), mostly in monotherapy (80.6%) and by oral route (93.2% of AP). Psychiatric history was more frequent in trAP than in those without AP (untrAP) (55.9% vs 35.4% respectively; P < 0.001). Professional activity tended to be less frequent in patients with AP (25.3% vs 38.9%, P = 0.08).

Results

When compared with untrAP, trAP consumed more amphetamine (10.8% vs 4.4%; P = 0.02) and tended to consume less opiates (7.5% vs 14.9%; P = 0.06); the consumptions of cannabis (43.0% vs 35.7%; P = 0.20) and cocaine (22.6% vs 16.8%; P = 0.20) were not statistically different.

Results

Opiate maintenance therapy was reported in 63.7% of trAP and 68.4% of untrAP (P = 0.41): it consisted of methadone (trAP, 60.3% vs untrAP, 56.5%) and buprenorphine (trAP, 39.7% vs untrAP, 43.5%).

Conclusions

The concomitant management of psychiatric and substance use disorders in the same center may explain the high prevalence of trAP in this study. Cannabis and psychostimulants may have been used in these patients as self-medication for mental disease-related symptoms or adverse effects of APs.

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