Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a term describing absence of skin at birth. ACC is a rare cutaneous finding, often noted with no other physical abnormalities. The etiology of ACC varies, and there are likely several causes for its development. ACC can be located anywhere on the body. Its clinical appearance and location can alert the clinician to other potential abnormalities and associations. This discussion covers the diagnosis of ACC and its subtypes and associations in order to provide a pragmatic, clinically relevant and patient-centered approach to evaluation and treatment.