13-93B3 Bioactive Glass: a New Scaffold for Transplantation of Stem Cell-Derived Chondrocytes

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Abstract

Research using animal models gives human trials hope for recovery in many fields of regenerative medicine, although they are sometimes poor predictors for human experiences. Our goal was to investigate whether rat chondrocytes, differentiated from adipose-derived stem cells, could be transplanted using a new, easily shaped, bioactive glass scaffold, and to show the immunohistochemical results. Intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal adipose tissue was extracted from 6 male Wistar albino type rats. The fatty tissue samples were fragmented and incubated. Chondrogenic differentiation was carried out and collagen type II, bFGF, and Sox-9 immunohistochemical characterization analysis was performed. Differentiated chondrocytes were implanted on 13-93B3 bioactive glass scaffolds and transplanted into the right ears of the rats. As control, only the biomaterial was transplanted into the left ears of the rats. After 1 month, the rats were sacrificed and transplantation areas were examined immunohistochemically. Histological examination of control samples from the left ears revealed that the biomaterial was covered with connective tissue, its general structure was preserved, and resorption of the scaffold had started. In specimens from the right ears, the biomaterial was covered with connective tissue, its structure was preserved, cartilage cells were present around the biomaterial, and the presence of cartilage tissue was demonstrated immunohistochemically. In conclusion, 13-93B3 bioactive glass scaffold contributed to the formation of new collagen and the survival of chondrocytes, and is a promising new biomaterial that will prove very useful in regenerative medicine.

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