Essential Professional Behaviors of Nursing Students and New Nurses: Hospital Nurse Leader Perspectives Survey

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This two-part study was conducted to determine which professional behaviors hospital nurse leaders believe are essential for nursing students to learn in the classroom.


Nursing students need to be educated to lead high-quality care in complex health care environments. Little is known regarding the professional behaviors deemed essential for novice nurses.


Hospital leaders were surveyed (n = 221) using the Hospital Nurse Leader Perspectives survey. This survey, developed from interviews, includes 41 items in change, communication, conflict, leadership, and self-awareness.


The highest-ranked category was communication (n = 159, 72 percent), followed by self-awareness (n = 32, 14.4 percent). The highest items in each category were patient communication, prioritization, expect change, learning from failure, and conflict resolution.


The results provide practical information to inform curricula and prepare leaders.

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