The effect of care intervention for obese patients with type II diabetes

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Abstract

The incidence of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide and affecting the quality of people's life. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of care intervention on body weight and glycemic parameters in obese T2DM patients.

One hundred twenty-six obese T2DM cases were randomly divided into 2 groups. Patients in control group received conventional care, while patients in the intervention group received dietary, exercise, and psychology interventions on the basis of conventional care. Twelve months follow-up was performed to compare the changes of body weight and glycemic parameters in the 2 groups.

There were 119 patients completing the research, 60 in the intervention group and 59 in control group. The levels of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2 hours postprandial blood glucose (PBG2 h), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and aldose reductase (AR) were all significantly decreased (all, P < .05) in intervention group compared with the control group after 12 months follow-up. Moreover, the body weight and BMI (body mass index) were also significantly reduced in intervention group, and the weight loss was significantly higher in intervention group than that in control group during the follow-up.

To implement care intervention for obese T2DM patients could strengthen the management of blood glucose, reduce body weight and complications.

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