The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) gene rs662, rs854555 polymorphisms and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in Han population, northern China.
Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to determine genotypes of PON1 polymorphisms in 84 patients with ONFH and 96 healthy persons. χ2 test was used to compare distribution differences of genotype, allele, and haplotype between the case and control groups. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to reveal the effects of PON1 polymorphisms on risk of ONFH, and the results were adjusted using logistic regression analysis. The linkage disequilibrium and haplotype analysis were performed with haploview software.
That people carrying AA genotype of rs662 were easier to be attacked by ONFH than GG genotype carriers (OR = 2.53, 95% CI = 1.05–6.07, P = .038). Meanwhile, the frequency of A allele in the case group was significantly higher than the controls and it was a risk factor for ONFH (OR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.03–2.38, P = .038). The A-A haplotype frequency of rs854555-rs662 in PON1 was significantly correlated to the increased susceptibility to ONFH (OR = 2.74, 95% CI = 1.28–5.84).
The rs662 polymorphism in PON1 may be associated with ONFH susceptibility, but not rs854555 in Han population, northern China. Additionally, haplotype is also a nonignorable risk factor.