Successful management of transfusion-dependent congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type 1b with interferon alfa-2a

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Abstract

The congenital dyserythropoietic anemias (CDAs) are a group of rare inherited blood disorders characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis as the principal cause of anemia. We present a child with CDA 1b—the rarest and least well-described type—due to a mutation in the C15orf41 gene. The patient presented with severe in utero and neonatal manifestations, typical peripheral limb anomalies as well as rarely reported cardiac manifestations, visual impairment, short stature, and hip dysplasia. Anemia was complicated by iron overload and pronounced extra medullary erythropoiesis leading to skull deformities. The patient responded to treatment with pegylated interferon alfa-2a.

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