Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma: Outcome of a series of pediatric patients treated with high-dose methotrexate and cytarabine plus anti-CD20

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Abstract

Between 2007 and 2013, 13 children diagnosed with primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBL) were treated according to a modified version of AIEOP (Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica) LNH-97 protocol based on high-dose methotrexate, anthracyclines, and addition of anti-CD20. Ten patients achieved a continuous complete remission with front-line therapy. The overall 5-year survival was 91.7%, and event-free survival was 83.9%, with only one patient dying of progressive disease. Despite the few cases, these results demonstrate that this therapy, which includes anti-CD20, given in a multicenter setting, is feasible with acceptable toxicity in children with PMLBL.

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