Feasibility Study of an Online Intervention to Support Male Spouses of Women With Breast Cancer

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Abstract

Purpose/Objectives:

To evaluate the feasibility of a web-based psychosocial supportive intervention entitled Male Transition Toolkit (MaTT).

Design:

Randomized, controlled trial, mixed methods, concurrent feasibility design.

Setting:

Edmonton, a large metropolitan city in western Canada.

Sample:

40 dyads (women with breast cancer and their spouse).

Methods:

Male spouse participants in the treatment group accessed MaTT for four weeks. Data on hope, quality of life, general self-efficacy, and caregiver guilt were collected at baseline and days 14, 28, and 56. Quality-of-life data were collected from the women with breast cancer at each time period. Qualitative data were collected from the usual care group in an open-ended interview and from the treatment group in an evaluation survey on days 14 and 28.

Main Research Variables:

Feasibility, as measured by the MaTT questionnaire.

Findings:

Evaluation survey scores indicated that MaTT was feasible, acceptable, and easy to use. Male spouse quality-of-life scores were not significantly different between groups. As guilt scores decreased, male spouses’ quality of life increased.

Conclusions:

The findings provided useful information to strengthen MaTT and improve study design. Additional research is needed to determine its efficacy in improving male spouses’ quality of life.

Implications for Nursing:

MaTT is a feasible intervention. Future research should evaluate MaTT with larger samples as well as determine the amount of time participants used MaTT.

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