NSAID treatment with meloxicam enhances peripheral stem cell mobilization in myeloma
Chemotherapy with G-CSF is used to mobilize peripheral stem cells in multiple myeloma (MM) patients, with plerixafor as a rescue strategy for poorly mobilizing patients. Preclinical studies suggested that the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug meloxicam enhances the mobilization of CD34+ cells. In this single-center study, we evaluated whether adding meloxicam to chemotherapy/G-CSF mobilization increases peripheral hematopoietic CD34+ cell levels and reduces the need of using plerixafor. We prospectively compared two consecutive cohorts of MM patients in first remission mobilized with G-CSF and non-myelosuppressive chemotherapy with vinorelbine or gemcitabine. The second cohort additionally received oral meloxicam. The cohorts comprised 84 patients without meloxicam (- M) and 66 patients with meloxicam (+M). Meloxicam was well tolerated and associated with similar hematologic engraftment after transplantation and equal survival rates. However, the meloxicam group had higher CD34+ cell levels on day 8 of the mobilization procedure (53 200 versus 35 600 CD34+ cells/mL; P = 0.007), and fewer patients needed > 1 collection day (+M: 6 (9%) patients versus - M: 16 (19%) patients; P = 0.04). This resulted in reduced plerixafor administrations (+M: 7 (11%) patients versus - M: 18 (21%) patients; P = 0.03) and less costs. Our data suggest that meloxicam enhances the mobilization of hematopoietic CD34+ blood cells in MM patients.