Cohesion of Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Correlation Between Cohesion and Other Physicochemical Properties

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

There are several published articles on characterization of fillers, describing methods for both chemical and physicochemical characterization. Recently a lot of focus has been on the development of methods for measuring cohesion of hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study is to investigate and compare the drop-weight method and the correlation between cohesion and other physicochemical properties using a variety of HA fillers.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

HA fillers covering several product families and manufacturing techniques were used. The HA fillers also covered a range of HA concentrations from 12 to 24 mg/mL. Cohesion was determined using sensory evaluation and the drop-weight method. Other physicochemical properties evaluated were rheology and the swelling factor.

RESULTS

In this study, it was verified that values obtained by the drop-weight method reflect the perceived cohesion very well. The correlation with rheology is affected by the HA concentration in the products. A remarkably good correlation between swelling factor and cohesion was found.

CONCLUSION

Cohesion correlates with other physicochemical methods. It could be discussed whether there is a need for a separate cohesion method because other already established physicochemical methods such as rheology and swelling factor can describe the underlying properties that affect cohesion.

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