Breast cancer pathobiology is known to be influenced by the differential expression of a group of proteins called the kinesin superfamily (KIFs), which is instrumental in the intracellular transport of chromosomes along microtubules during mitosis. During cellular division, kinesins are strictly regulated through temporal synthesis so that they are present only when needed. However, their misregulation may contribute to uncontrolled cell growth owing to premature sister chromatid separation, highlighting their importance in cancer. This review covers the functions of kinesins in normal and breast cancer cells, the use of kinesins for breast cancer patient prognosis, and the targeting of these molecules for therapeutics. A better understanding of KIF proteins may be pivotal to improved disease outcomes for breast cancer patients.