Immediate Nipple-Areolar Complex Reconstruction for Patients Undergoing Implant-Based Reconstruction or Therapeutic Mammoplasty

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Abstract

Background:

We report a technique of immediate nipple-areolar complex (NAC) reconstruction for patients undergoing skin-sparing mastectomy and implant-based breast reconstruction or therapeutic mammoplasty with central excision.

Methods:

Immediate nipple reconstruction is performed using a modified C-V flap planned along the edge of the incision. The areola is reconstructed using a full-thickness skin graft taken from skin usually discarded during the procedure. Immediate NAC reconstruction using this technique was performed on 32 breasts in 21 patients. This included 19 risk-reducing mastectomies, 9 therapeutic mastectomies, and 2 major revisions to existing implant reconstruction. Reconstruction was direct to implant in 29 breasts and by expander in 1 breast. The device was placed in a pre- or post-pectoral plane utilizing dermal sling and/or acellular dermal matrix as determined on a case-by-case basis. Immediate NAC reconstruction was also performed on 2 patients undergoing therapeutic mammoplasty with central excision.

Results:

Mean follow-up is 12 months (5–27 months), and cosmetic results have been good. There have been no significant complications, and no revisional surgery has been required.

Conclusion:

The application of simple techniques for NAC reconstruction in the primary procedure allows reconstruction of the whole breast in a single stage. There is an immediate focal point to the reconstruction to improve cosmesis, patient satisfaction, and psychosocial function without delay.

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