Signs of Facial Aging in Men in a Diverse, Multinational Study: Timing and Preventive Behaviors

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Men are a growing patient population in aesthetic medicine and are increasingly seeking minimally invasive cosmetic procedures.

OBJECTIVE

To examine differences in the timing of facial aging and in the prevalence of preventive facial aging behaviors in men by race/ethnicity.

METHODS

Men aged 18 to 75 years in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia rated their features using photonumeric rating scales for 10 facial aging characteristics. Impact of race/ethnicity (Caucasian, black, Asian, Hispanic) on severity of each feature was assessed. Subjects also reported the frequency of dermatologic facial product use.

RESULTS

The study included 819 men. Glabellar lines, crow's feet lines, and nasolabial folds showed the greatest change with age. Caucasian men reported more severe signs of aging and earlier onset, by 10 to 20 years, compared with Asian, Hispanic, and, particularly, black men. In all racial/ethnic groups, most men did not regularly engage in basic, antiaging preventive behaviors, such as use of sunscreen.

CONCLUSION

Findings from this study conducted in a globally diverse sample may guide clinical discussions with men about the prevention and treatment of signs of facial aging, to help men of all races/ethnicities achieve their desired aesthetic outcomes.

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