We compared the effectiveness and safety of endotracheal intubation using the GlideScope (GS) video laryngoscope, CTrach laryngeal mask airway (LMA), or Shikani optical stylet rigid laryngoscope (SOS) during elective cervical surgery.Methods:
Forty-five patients undergoing elective cervical surgery were randomly and equally assigned to endotracheal intubation via GS, LMA, or SOS airway management.Results:
Endotracheal intubation was successfully completed in all patients. The mean intubation times of the groups differed significantly (P < .01): GS, 17.9 ± 3.1 s; SOS, 40.4 ± 13.7 s; and LMA, 80.5 ± 22.5 s. The groups had similar heart rates and mean arterial pressures throughout the intubation, except that at 2 minutes after intubation the mean arterial pressure of the GS group (106.1 ± 18.5 mm Hg) was significantly higher than that of the LMA (89.7 ± 18.5 mm Hg) or SOS (89.7 ± 18.5 mm Hg; P < .01). The change in C2–5 Cobb angle from baseline was significantly higher in the GS group (GS, 34.2° ± 7.3°) than the LMA (24.4° ± 5.8°) or SOS (25.5° ± 6.4°); P < .01).Conclusions:
The CTrach LMA and SOS rigid laryngoscope are effective, safe alternatives to the GS video laryngoscope for patients undergoing elective cervical surgery.