To evaluate intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection efficacy for the treatment of chronic, atypical, or recurrent central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:
Clinical data from 77 eyes of 71 patients with chronic, atypical, or recurrent CSC treated with IVB were retrospectively analyzed. After initial 6-weekly IVB administration until no subretinal fluid remained at the fovea, additional as-needed IVBs were administered, based on optical coherence tomography findings. Best-corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness (CRT) were analyzed at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after initial IVB.Results:
The significant improvement of baseline logarithm of minimum angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity and CRT at 3 months (both P < 0.001) was maintained throughout the 12-month follow-up period. Best-corrected visual acuity improved significantly in patients with chronic and recurrent CSC, at all time points (all P < 0.05), but not in patients with atypical CSC. The CRT reduction was significant in all subgroups during the follow-up period (all P < 0.05). Definite leakage on initial fluorescein angiography correlated with improved reduction in CRT (P = 0.039).Conclusion:
As-needed optical coherence tomography–based IVB was effective for reducing CRT in patients with chronic, atypical, or recurrent CSC, and for vision improvement in chronic and recurrent CSC over the 1-year follow-up period.