Differential Expression of Long Noncoding RNAs in Normal and Inflamed Human Dental Pulp

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Dental pulp inflammation is an excellent model for the interaction between tissue inflammation and regenerative processes. It is worthwhile to better understand molecular signaling of repair and regeneration in inflammatory processes. Emerging evidence suggests that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) participates in immune system inflammatory processes. Here we investigate the expression of lncRNAs in pulpitis, the inflammation of dental pulp tissue, and identify lncRNAs that possibly participate in inflammation responses and odontogenesis.


Integrated comparative lncRNA microarray was used to examine lncRNA and mRNA expression between inflamed and normal human pulp tissue. The differential expression of lncRNAs and mRNAs was then validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. A bioinformatics analysis was performed to predict the function of differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs.


Our data indicated 752 lncRNAs were significantly differentially expressed (fold change > 2.0; P < .05) in inflamed pulp tissues compared with normal pulp tissues, including 338 upregulated and 414 downregulated lncRNAs. Among the 646 differentially expressed mRNAs (fold change > 2.0; P < .05), 460 were upregulated, and 186 were downregulated. The differentially downregulated genes are enriched for gene ontology terms related to odontogenesis and cell development in biological processes, whereas the differentially upregulated genes are related to immune and inflammation processes.


LncRNAs are differentially expressed in inflamed human pulp tissue compared with normal pulp tissue, indicating that lncRNAs may play key roles in pulpitis pathogenesis and development.

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