Astigmatism evaluation prior to cataract surgery

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Abstract

Purpose of review

To evaluate and summarize literature from the past 18 months reporting advancements and issues in astigmatism assessment prior to cataract surgery.

Recent findings

New and updated toric calculators and regression formulas offer the opportunity for more accurate lens selection for our patients. Concurrently, improvements in topographic evaluation of corneal keratometry have allowed for a decrease in unplanned residual corneal astigmatism. Measuring posterior corneal astigmatism is especially valuable in eyes with keratoconus when planning to implant toric intraocular lens (IOL) and now allows access to this patient population.

Summary

Improved accuracy of astigmatism evaluation now occurs with point reflections on the corneal surface along with the latest generation toric lens formulas which integrated posterior corneal astigmatism, predicted lens position, and intended spherical power of the IOL. These improvements can allow for incorporation of toric lenses in keratoconus patients.

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