Association between XRCC1 single-nucleotide polymorphism and acute radiation reaction in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A cohort study

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To explore the association of the X-ray repair cross-complementing gene 1 (XRCC1) codon 399 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with acute radiation dermatitis and oral mucositis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated by intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).

Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to detect the SNP of the XRCC1 codon 399 in 114 NPC patients before radiotherapy.

The risk of patients with the Arg/Arg genotype suffering from acute radiation dermatitis Grade ≥2 was higher than the other 2 genotypes (P = .014, 95% CI: 1.182–4.582). No significant difference was observed in the degree of acute radiation oral mucositis injury among the patients with different genotypes (P = .449, 95% CI: 0.691–2.304). Multivariate analysis showed that N stage and genotype were significantly associated with acute radiation dermatitis of Grade ≥2 (OR = 3.221, P < .001, 95% CI: 1.669–6.216, OR = 2.860, P = .006, 95% CI: 1.354–6.043). T stage and smoking status were significantly associated with acute radiation oral mucositis with Grade ≥2 (OR = 2.508, P = .001, 95% CI: 1.427–4.408, OR = 6.355, P < .001, 95% CI: 2.533–15.841).

The XRCC1 codon 399 genotype in NPC could be an important predicting factor in the risk of acute radiation dermatitis during IMRT.

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