This retrospective study investigated the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab treatment for refractory brain edema.Methods:
Between March 2009 and December 2015, bevacizumab was used to treat 59 cases of brain metastatic patients with refractory brain edema. The median dose of bevacizumab was 4.68 mg/kg (range 2.8–6.52 mg/kg). The clinical-pathological data, the efficacy, and the side effects of bevacizumab were recorded. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed before and after bevacizumab treatment. Tumor and edema volumes were measured separately.Results:
The clinical symptoms of 50 out of 59 cases (84.74%) improved the day after the bevacizumab treatment, and the edema volumes of 55 (93.22%) cases were reduced after the bevacizumab treatment. The average edema volume was significantly reduced after bevacizumab treatment from 125,583.43 ± 14,093.27 to 71,613.42 ± 9473.42 mm3 (Mann–Whitney rank test, P < .01), and the average edema index was significantly reduced from 25.66 ± 11.54 to 17.87 ± 6.87 (Mann–Whitney rank test, P < .01). One patient died from a hemorrhage due to a cancerous-ulcer of the maxillary sinus. The main complication observed was hypertension, which was observed in 11 cases (18.6%).Conclusion:
The effective rate of bevacizumab for refractory brain edema is 84.74%. Hypertension was the main side effect of the bevacizumab treatment. Bevacizumab is an effective and relatively safe treatment for brain edema.