There has been an increasing awareness of the importance of the meniscus in maintaining the health and function of the knee. When injured, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the gold standard to diagnose meniscal tears. The information obtained from the MRI helps determine the need for surgical intervention. To achieve the best patient outcome a surgeon must be able to diagnose a meniscal injury by MRI as well as identify the injury at time of arthroscopy. This article aims to illustrate meniscal pathology utilizing side by side comparison of MRI identified meniscal injuries to its arthroscopic correlate as well as describe treatment options for the injury.