Quality of oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists in ‘real-world’ patients with atrial fibrillation: a report from the prospective multicentre FANTASIIA registry
The efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulation (OAC) using the vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are closely associated with the quality of anticoagulation, reflected by time in therapeutic range (TTR). The SAMe-TT2R2 is a risk score developed to predict the quality of anticoagulation control among VKA users. To analyse the quality of anticoagulation and its clinical determinants based on different methods in a prospective cohort of atrial fibrillation patients on VKA treatment participating in the multicentre Spanish observational registry FANTASIIA.Methods and results
Estimated TTR was calculated from Rosendaal, direct method, international normalized ratio variability, and NICE criteria. Time in therapeutic range values were compared for those patients with a SAMe-TT2R2 score 0–2 and >2. One thousand four hundred and seventy patients were analysed (56.4% male, mean age 74.1 ± 9.5 years). Mean TTR was 61.5 ± 25.1 with Rosendaal and 64.7 ± 24.2 with direct method. There was a high correlation between both methods (ρ = 0.805). The prevalence of poor anticoagulation control was 55%. Diabetes mellitus [odds ratio (OR) 1.38; P = 0.008], peripheral artery disease (PAD, OR 1.62; P = 0.048), and HAS-BLED (OR 1.13; P = 0.022) were independently associated with TTR < 70%. SAMe-TT2R2 score 0–2 had a higher mean TTR than patients with SAMe-TT2R2 >2 (P = 0.044), with a specificity of > 90% for predicting TTR < 70%. Patients with TTR < 70% had higher risk of events (21.7 vs. 16.8%; P = 0.021).Conclusion
In a multicentre prospective registry, 55% of AF patients had poor anticoagulation control with diabetes mellitus, PAD, and HAS-BLED being independently associated with TTR < 70%. A high SAMe-TT2R2 scores had a high specificity for predicting a TTR < 70% as an indicator of poor quality anticoagulation.