The differential effects of dopaminergic drugs with different pharmacological profiles were investigated with respect to spontaneous motor activity in the common marmoset following pretreatment with a bilateral brain infusion of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Three marmosets received infusions of 6-OHDA (either 30 or 40 μg/side) into the bilateral dopamine-rich area running from the substantia nigra to the striatum. The motor activity of the 6-OHDA marmosets was compared with that of three intact marmosets. Following the administration of apomorphine (0.5 and 1 mg/kg, subcutaneously), the 6-OHDA group showed a tendency toward a brief increase in activity counts, suggesting denervation supersensitivity at the dopamine receptors. After the administration of methamphetamine (1 and 2 mg/kg, subcutaneously), the 6-OHDA group showed a significant decrease in activity counts, indicating limited dopamine release from the degenerated neurons. After the administration of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (10 and 20 mg/kg, orally), the 6-OHDA group showed a significant increase in activity counts without hyperexcitation, consistent with the contribution of exogenous L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine toward dopamine synthesis in the degenerated neurons. The present findings indicate that bilateral brain infusion of 6-OHDA in the marmoset may have preclinical utility as a primate model for investigating the behavioral properties of dopaminergic drugs in brains with dopaminergic neural deficits.