The interaction ofNOS1AP,DISC1,DAOA, andGSK3Bconfers susceptibility of early-onset schizophrenia in Chinese Han population
Although many major breakthrough had identificated potential susceptibility genes for schizophrenia, the aetiology of schizophrenia is still unknown. In the present study, we focused on the N-methyl-Daspartate receptors related genes nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor gene (NOS1AP), disrupted in schizophrenia 1 gene (DISC1), d-amino acid oxidase activator gene (DAOA), and glycogen synthase kinase 3-beta gene (GSK3B). A family-based genetic association study (459 Han Chinese subjects in 153 nuclear families) using 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms in NOS1AP, 2 in DISC1, 1 in DAOA and 1 in GSK3B was conducted. We found rs12742393 have just positive trend with schizophrenia (SCZ) (p = 0.07) after FDR correction. NOS1AP mRNA and serum levels were significantly elevated in SCZ patients (p < 0.001; p < 0.001) compared with healthy control. However, expression Quantitative Trait Loci (eQTL) analysis have demonstrated that rs12742393 genotype were not significantly associated with the NOS1AP mRNA expression. GMDR identified a significant seven-locus interaction model involving (NOS1AP-rs348624, rs12742393, rs1415263, DISC1-rs821633, rs1000731, DAOA-rs2391191and GSK3B- rs6438552) with a good testing accuracy (0.72). Our finding suggested statistically significant role of interaction of NOS1AP, DISC1, DAOA, and GSK3B polymorphisms (NOS1AP-rs348624, rs12742393, rs1415263, DISC1-rs821633, rs1000731, DAOA-rs2391191and GSK3B-rs6438552) in EOS susceptibility.