Inflammatory optic disc neovascularisation managed with oral steroids/immunosuppressants and intravitreal ranibizumab

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Inflammatory optic disc neovascularisation (NVD) has been treated with periocular or systemic steroids, immunosuppressants, panretinal photocoagulation and bevacizumab. However, the role of intravitreal ranibizumab in inflammatory NVD has not been explored in the peer-reviewed indexed literature. In case 1, NVD and associated subhyaloid haemorrhage showed rapid and dramatic regression after intravitreal ranibizumab. Recurrence was noted 8 weeks after injection which was managed by oral steroids. In case 2, intravitreal ranibizumab led to partial resolution of NVD. The addition of steroids, azathioprine and panretinal photocoagulation led to further fibrosis of the neovascularisation. Ranibizumab may be an important adjunct to anti-inflammatory therapy in the management of inflammatory NVD.

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