Impact of Objective Echocardiographic Criteria for Timing of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Repair
To assess the impact of specific echocardiographic criteria for timing of congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair on the incidence of acute postoperative clinical decompensation from pulmonary hypertensive crisis and/or acute respiratory decompensation, with secondary outcomes including survival to discharge, duration of ventilator support, and length of hospitalization.Study design
The multidisciplinary congenital diaphragmatic hernia management team instituted a protocol in 2012 requiring the specific criterion of echocardiogram-estimated pulmonary artery pressure ≤80% systemic blood pressure before repairing congenital diaphragmatic hernias. A retrospective review of 77 neonatal patients with Bochdalek hernias repaired between 2008 and 2015 were reviewed: group 1 included patients repaired before protocol implementation (n = 25) and group 2 included patients repaired after implementation (n = 52).Results
The groups had similar baseline characteristics. Postoperative decompensation occurred less often in group 2 compared with group 1 (17% vs 48%, P = .01). Adjusted analysis accounting for repair type, liver herniation, and prematurity yielded similar results (15% vs 37%, P = .04). Group 2 displayed a trend toward improved survival to 30 days postoperatively, though this did not reach statistical significance (94% vs 80%, P = .06). Patient survival to discharge, duration of ventilator support, and length of hospitalization were not different between groups.Conclusions
The implementation of a protocol requiring echocardiogram-estimated pulmonary arterial pressure ≤80% of systemic pressure before congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair may reduce the incidence of acute postoperative decompensation, although there was no difference in longer-term secondary outcomes, including survival to discharge.