Implementation of an Electronic Checklist to Improve Patient Handover From Ward to Operating Room
Research has identified numerous safety risks in perioperative patient handover. In handover from ward to operating room (OR), patients are often transferred by a third person. This adds to the risk of loss of important information and of caregivers in the OR not identifying possible risk factors. The aim of this study was to describe the implementation process and completion rate of a new preoperative, ward-to-OR checklist. Our goal was a 90% fulfillment.Method
This study is a prospective, observational study in a Danish University Hospital including all patients undergoing surgery in 2013. The checklist was a screen page with 27 checkboxes of information relevant for a safe handover. The checklist should be completed in the ward before handover to the OR and should be checked in the OR before receiving the patient. The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle method was used in the implementation process of the checklist.Results
A total of 17.361 patients were included. In wards with only elective surgery (plastic and breast surgery), the checklist was used in 1.419 of 2.286 patients (62.1%). In wards with both elective and emergency surgery (abdominal, orthopedic, urology, gynecology and obstetrics), the checklist was used in 1.963 of 7.460 elective patients (26.3%) and in 812 of 7.615 emergency patients (10.7 %).Conclusion
Our goal of a 90% fulfillment was not reached. The electronic checklist seemed to be used most frequently in wards with only elective surgery.