A Measure of Team Resilience: Developing the Resilience at Work Team Scale

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Abstract

Objective:

This study develops, and initial evaluates, a new measure of team-based resilience for use in research and practice.

Methods:

We conducted preliminary analyses, based on a cross-sectional sample of 344 employees nested within 31 teams.

Results:

Seven dimensions were identified through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The measure had high reliability and significant discrimination to indicate the presence of a unique team-based aspect of resilience that contributed to higher work engagement and higher self-rated team performance, over and above the effects of individual resilience. Multilevel analyses showed that team, but not individual, resilience predicted self-rated team performance.

Conclusion:

Practice implications include a need to focus on collective as well as individual behaviors in resilience-building. The measure provides a diagnostic instrument for teams and a scale to evaluate organizational interventions and research the relationship of resilience to other constructs.

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