Female urinary incontinence and obesity assessed by anthropometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: Analysis from the 2008–09 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

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Abstract

Objective:

In the present study we evaluated the association between obesity, assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and urinary incontinence (UI).

Methods:

The study was performed on 5792 women who had taken part in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. UI was deemed to be present if a woman answered “yes” to the question “Do you have current UI?”. Obesity was assessed using anthropometry and DEXA. Data were analyzed using Chi-squared tests, t-tests, receiver operating characteristic curves, and logistic regression analysis.

Results:

The UI group had significantly higher mean (±SD) waist circumference (78.5 ± 10.0 vs, 82.4±9.1 kg) and body mass index (23.3 ± 3.4 vs. 24.2 ± 3.1 kg/m2) than the non-UI group. In addition, total fat mass (18.5 ± 5.3 vs. 19.4 ± 4.9 kg), trunk fat mass (9.3 ± 3.4 vs. 10.1 ± 3.2 kg), the trunk fat/leg fat (mass) ratio (1.58 ± 0.54 vs. 1.73 ± 0.50), total body fat percentage (32.3 ± 5.4% vs. 33.0 ± 5.0%), and trunk fat percentage (32.4 ± 7.3% vs. 33.9 ± 6.6%) were significantly higher in the UI group. Of these parameters, the trunk fat/leg fat ratio showed highest sensitivity (83.6%), with a cut-off value of 1.272. Before and after adjustment, trunk fat/leg fat ratio >1.272 was significantly related to UI and had the highest odds ratio (OR) among all DEXA parameters (adjusted OR 1.807; 95% confidence interval 1.343–2.431).

Conclusion:

Obesity parameters obtained using DEXA are closely related to UI. Of these parameters, the trunk fat/leg fat ratio is the strongest in predicting the presence of UI. In addition, the present study has found a novel trunk fat/leg fat ratio cut-off value for defining obesity related to the UI.

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