Ruthenium-106 brachytherapy for iris and iridociliary melanomas

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Abstract

Background and purpose

To evaluate ruthenium-106 (Ru106) brachytherapy as eye-conserving treatment of iris melanomas (IMs) and iridociliary melanomas (ICMs).

Materials and methods

Eighty-eight patients received Ru106 brachytherapy between 2006 and 2016. Primary outcome was local control, and secondary outcomes were metastasis, survival, eye preservation, complications and visual acuity (VA).

Results

Overall median follow-up was 36 months. Of 88 patients, 58 (65.9%) had IM and 30 (34.1%) had ICM. ICM were on average larger and more advanced than IM. Local failure-free survival at 3years was 98.9% (SE 1.2%). Metastasis-free survival was 98.2% (SE 1.8%) at 3years; no deaths due to melanoma occurred during follow-up. Eye preservation rate was 97.7%. Treatment-related toxicities were mostly mild and observed in 80.7% of the patients. Common toxicities were worsening of pre-existing or new cataract (51.1%), dry eyes (29.5%) and glaucoma (20.5%). VA was not affected by Ru106 brachytherapy, with only 2.3% having VA <0.33 (low vision) at follow-up.

Conclusions

Ru106 for IM and ICM yielded excellent local control (98.9%) and eye preservation (97.7%). Toxicities were common, but mostly mild and transient. Moreover, Ru106 did not affect visual acuity.

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