Two Phase 1, Open-Label, Single-Dose, Randomized, Crossover Studies to Assess the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Orally Administered Granules of Secnidazole (2 g) in Healthy Female Volunteers Under Different Administration Conditions

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Abstract

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection in reproductive-age women and a significant risk factor for sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy complications. Standard 5- to 7-day antimicrobial treatments for BV are associated with high rates of recurrence and adverse events. SYM-1219 is a novel granule formulation containing 2 g of secnidazole, developed as an oral, single-dose BV treatment. Two phase 1, open-label, single-center, randomized, crossover trials (studies 102 and 103) assessed the pharmacokinetics and safety of SYM-1219 single doses (≥7-day washout between doses) in healthy, nonpregnant women aged 18 to 65 years inclusive. Study 102 compared SYM-1219 in applesauce in fasted vs fed states. Study 103 compared SYM-1219 (fasted) in pudding and yogurt vs applesauce. Studies 102 and 103 each dosed 24 subjects (mean [standard deviation] ages, 36 [1.8] and 40 [11.6] years, respectively). In both studies the 90% confidence intervals for all treatment comparisons of maximum plasma concentration, area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to last measurable concentration and to infinity, geometric mean ratios were within 80% to 125%, demonstrating bioequivalence. In both studies median fasted time to maximum plasma concentration was 4 hours (6 hours fed in study 102), and mean half-life ranged from 17 to 19 hours. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 70.8% and 83.3% subjects in studies 102 and 103, respectively, most commonly headache (41.7% and 50.0%) and gastrointestinal treatment-emergent adverse events. The pharmacokinetics of SYM-1219 were similar in fed and fasted states and when administered in different foods.

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