Objective cardiovascular assessment in the neonatal intensive care unit
Traditionally, cardiovascular well-being was essentially based on whether the mean blood pressure was above or below a certain value. However, this singular crude method of assessment provides limited insight into overall cardiovascular well-being. Echocardiography has become increasingly used and incorporated into clinical care. New objective modality assessments of cardiovascular status continue to evolve and are being evaluated and incorporated into clinical care. In this review article, we will discuss some of the recent advances in objective assessment of cardiovascular well-being, including the concept of multimodal monitoring. Sophisticated haemodynamic monitoring systems are being developed, including mechanisms of data acquisition and analysis. Their incorporation into clinical care represents an exciting next stage in the management of the infant with cardiovascular compromise.